Jack In The Box Results

Jack in the Box Inc. Reports Fourth Quarter FY 2018 Earnings; Issues Guidance for FY 2019

Jack in the Box system same-store sales increased 0.5 percent for the quarter and lagged the QSR sandwich segment by 1.5 percentage points for the comparable period, according to The NPD Group’s SalesTrack® Weekly for the 12-week time period ended September 30, 2018.

Jack in the Box

Jack in the Box Inc. (NASDAQ: JACK) yesterday reported financial results for the fourth quarter and fiscal year ended September 30, 2018.

The company completed the sale of Qdoba Restaurant Corporation ("Qdoba") on March 21, 2018. Qdoba results are included in discontinued operations for all periods presented.

Earnings from continuing operations were $18.3 million, or $0.68 per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 compared with $31.3 million, or $1.05 per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017. Fiscal 2018 earnings from continuing operations totaled $104.3 million, or $3.62 per diluted share, compared with $128.6 million, or $4.16 per diluted share in fiscal 2017.

Operating Earnings Per Share(1), a non-GAAP measure, were $0.77 in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 compared with $0.73 in the prior year quarter. A reconciliation of non-GAAP Operating Earnings Per Share to GAAP results is provided below, with additional information included in the attachment to this release. For fiscal year 2018, operating earnings per share were $3.79 compared with $3.46 last year. Figures may not add due to rounding.

____________________________
(1) Operating Earnings Per Share represents diluted earnings per share from continuing operations on a GAAP basis excluding gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants, restructuring charges, the non-cash impact of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, and the excess tax benefits from share-based compensation arrangements which are now recorded as a component of income tax expense versus equity previously. See "Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measurements to GAAP Results."
 

 

 

12 Weeks Ended

 

52 Weeks Ended

September 30,

2018

 

October 1,

2017

September 30,

2018

 

October 1,

2017

Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations – GAAP

$ 0.68

$ 1.05

$ 3.62

$ 4.16

Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants

(0.09 )

(0.35 )

(1.16 )

(0.78 )
Restructuring charges

0.17

0.03

0.27

0.07

Non-cash impact of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act

0.02

1.13

Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation arrangements

  (0.00 )

   

  (0.07 )

   
Operating Earnings Per Share – non-GAAP

$ 0.77  

$ 0.73  

$ 3.79  

$ 3.46  

Adjusted EBITDA(2), a non-GAAP measure, was $54.0 million in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 compared with $62.2 million for the prior year quarter. For fiscal year 2018, Adjusted EBITDA was $264.2 million compared with $284.7 million in fiscal year 2017.

Lenny Comma, chairman and chief executive officer, said, “Same-store sales were positive in the fourth quarter, although we experienced a slowdown in September along with the rest of the category. The competitive environment remains extremely aggressive, but we continue to avoid deep discounting which we believe is not in the best interests of the long-term health of the brand.

“We completed our refranchising initiative during the quarter with the sale of 8 Jack in the Box® restaurants, and our franchise mix now stands at approximately 94 percent.

“We remain firmly committed to returning cash to shareholders with the purchase of $140 million of stock in the quarter and $340 million during the year. Following the completion of our longer-term financing plans, we plan to increase our leverage up to 5.0 times EBITDA and expect to return more than $1 billion through fiscal year 2022 to our shareholders in the form of share repurchases and dividends.

“Our long-term goals are centered around meeting evolving consumer needs, with emphasis on improving operations consistency and targeted investments designed to maximize our returns. We remain focused on balancing the interests of all our stakeholders, including our franchisees, customers, employees and shareholders.”

_____________________________
(2) Adjusted EBITDA represents net earnings on a GAAP basis excluding earnings from discontinued operations, income taxes, interest expense, net, gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants, impairment and other charges, net, depreciation and amortization, and the amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances. See "Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measurements to GAAP Results."
 

 

Increase/(decrease) in same-store sales:

  12 Weeks Ended   52 Weeks Ended

September 30,

2018

 

October 1,

2017*

September 30,

2018

 

October 1,

2017*

Company

0.8%

(2.0)%

0.6%

(1.1)%
Franchise

0.4%

(0.7)%

0.1%

0.9%
System

0.5%

(1.0)%

0.1%

0.5%
____________________________
*Note: Due to the transition from a 53-week year in fiscal 2016 to a 52-week year in fiscal 2017, year-over-year fiscal period comparisons are offset by one week. The change in same-store sales presented in the 2017 column uses comparable calendar periods to balance the one-week shift from fiscal 2016 and to provide a clearer year-over-year comparison.
 

Jack in the Box system same-store sales increased 0.5 percent for the quarter and lagged the QSR sandwich segment by 1.5 percentage points for the comparable period, according to The NPD Group’s SalesTrack® Weekly for the 12-week time period ended September 30, 2018. Included in this segment are 16 of the top QSR sandwich and burger chains in the country. Company same-store sales increased 0.8 percent in the fourth quarter driven by average check growth of 2.8 percent, partially offset by a 2.0 percent decrease in transactions.

Restaurant-Level EBITDA(3), a non-GAAP measure, increased by 300 basis points to 26.1 percent of company restaurant sales in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 from 23.1 percent a year ago. The increase was due primarily to the benefit of refranchising, partially offset by wage inflation, higher costs for food and packaging and higher maintenance and repairs expenses. Food and packaging costs, as a percentage of company restaurant sales, increased in the quarter due primarily to unfavorable product mix and higher costs for ingredients, partially offset by menu price increases. Commodity costs increased 1.3 percent in the quarter as compared with the prior year. Restaurant Operating Margin(3), a non-GAAP measure, increased to 22.5 percent of company restaurant sales in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 from 19.2 percent in the prior year quarter.

Franchise EBITDA(3), a non-GAAP measure, as a percentage of total franchise revenues decreased to 58.6 percent in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 from 60.3 percent in the prior year quarter. The decrease was due primarily to a decrease in franchise fees resulting from a decrease in the number of restaurants sold to franchisees, an increase in costs associated with franchisee restaurant remodels, and incremental costs incurred in 2018 related to the implementation of a mystery guest program. Franchise Margin(3), a non-GAAP measure, decreased to 50.0 percent of total franchise revenues in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 compared with 52.1 percent in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017.

_____________________________
(3) Restaurant Operating Margin, Restaurant-Level EBITDA, Franchise Margin, and Franchise EBITDA are non-GAAP measures. These non-GAAP measures are reconciled to earnings from operations, the most comparable GAAP measure, in the attachment to this release. See "Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measurements to GAAP Results."
 

 

SG&A expenses for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 decreased by $1.0 million and were 14.0 percent of revenues compared with 11.2 percent in the prior year quarter. Advertising costs, which are included in SG&A, were $6.8 million in the fourth quarter compared with $7.2 million in the prior year quarter. The $0.4 million decrease in advertising costs was due to a $3.2 million decrease resulting from refranchising, which was partially offset by an incremental $2.8 million of spending in the quarter. The $0.6 million decrease in G&A excluding advertising was primarily driven by $3.2 million in transition services income resulting from the sale of Qdoba, which was reflected as a reduction to SG&A. The decrease was further attributable to a $1.1 million decrease in share-based compensation, a $0.9 million decrease due primarily to workforce reductions related to refranchising, and a $0.4 million decrease in pension and postretirement benefits. These decreases were partially offset by a $4.0 million increase in bonus due to higher levels of performance in 2018 versus the prior year as compared to target bonus levels and mark-to-market adjustments on investments supporting the company's non-qualified retirement plans resulting in a $0.8 million year-over-year increase in SG&A. As a percentage of system-wide sales, G&A excluding advertising was 2.3 percent in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 compared with 2.4 percent in the 2017 quarter.

In fiscal 2018, the company began presenting depreciation and amortization as a separate line item in its consolidated statements of earnings to better align with similar presentation made by many of its peers and to provide additional disclosure that is meaningful for investors. The prior year consolidated statement of earnings was adjusted to conform with this new presentation. Depreciation and amortization was previously presented within company restaurant costs, franchise occupancy expenses, selling, general and administrative expenses, and impairment and other charges, net, in the company's consolidated statements of earnings.

Restructuring charges of $5.8 million, or approximately $0.17 per diluted share, were recorded during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018, primarily relating to severance costs, compared with $1.4 million, or $0.03 per diluted share, in the prior year quarter. Restructuring charges are included in "Impairment and other charges, net" in the accompanying consolidated statements of earnings. Including these charges, impairment and other charges, net, increased in the fourth quarter to $8.0 million from $4.3 million in the year ago quarter.

Interest expense, net, increased by $2.2 million in the fourth quarter due primarily to a higher effective interest rate for 2018 and higher debt levels.

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the "Tax Act"), enacted into law on December 22, 2017, reduced the federal statutory rate from 35 percent to 21 percent as of January 1, 2018. As a company with a fiscal year-end of September 30, the tax rate reduction was phased in, resulting in a blended statutory federal tax rate of 24.5 percent for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2018. In addition, the Tax Act resulted in a non-cash increase to the provision for income taxes of $0.5 million, or $0.02 per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018, and $32.5 million, or $1.13 per diluted share, for fiscal year 2018, related primarily to the revaluation of deferred tax assets and liabilities at the new lower rates. This revaluation was based upon estimates and interpretations of the Tax Act which may be refined as further guidance is issued.

In the first quarter of fiscal 2018, the company adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-09, Compensation-Stock Compensation: Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting (“ASU 2016-09”). As required by the updated accounting standard, excess tax benefits or deficiencies are now recorded to the provision for income taxes in the consolidated statement of earnings, on a prospective basis, instead of additional paid-in capital in the consolidated balance sheet. The adoption resulted in an increase to the provision for income taxes of $0.1 million, or less than $0.01 per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018, and a reduction to the provision for income taxes of $2.0 million, or $0.07 per diluted share, for fiscal year 2018, but had no additional impact on cash paid for income taxes. Excess tax benefits will vary in future periods, as such amounts are dependent on the number of shares released related to employee stock compensation arrangements and fluctuations in the company’s stock price.

Qdoba Discontinued Operations

In the first quarter of fiscal 2018, the company entered into a definitive agreement to sell Qdoba, a wholly owned subsidiary of the company, to certain funds managed by affiliates of Apollo Global Management, LLC. The transaction closed on March 21, 2018, and operating results for Qdoba are included in discontinued operations for all periods presented. However, the company did not allocate any general and administrative shared services expenses to discontinued operations prior to the sale.

Capital Allocation

The company repurchased approximately 1.6 million shares of its common stock in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 at an average price of $87.78 per share for an aggregate cost of $140.0 million. During fiscal year 2018, the company repurchased approximately 3.9 million shares at an average price of $86.86 per share for an aggregate cost of $340.0 million. This leaves approximately $41.0 million remaining under a stock-buyback program authorized by its Board of Directors that expires in November 2019. On November 15, 2018, the Company's Board of Directors authorized an additional $60 million stock-buyback program that also expires in November 2019.

The company also announced today that on November 15, 2018, its Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.40 per share on the company's common stock. The dividend is payable on December 18, 2018, to shareholders of record at the close of business on December 5, 2018.

Guidance

This release includes forward-looking guidance for certain non-GAAP financial measures, including Restaurant-Level EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA. The company is unable without unreasonable effort to provide reconciliations of these forward-looking non-GAAP measures.

Effective fiscal 2019, the company adopted the new US GAAP revenue standard (Topic 606) using the cumulative effect transition method, and therefore no prior periods will be restated. The company expects the new revenue standard to primarily result in an increase to franchise revenues and a corresponding increase to franchise expenses related to the reclassification of marketing fees received from franchisees. In addition, certain amounts previously classified as general and administrative expense will be reflected as franchise expenses. The impact of the new revenue standard has been included within the fiscal 2019 guidance provided below.

Fiscal Year 2019 Guidance

The following guidance and underlying assumptions reflect the company’s current expectations for the fiscal year ending September 29, 2019. Fiscal 2019 and fiscal 2018 are 52-week years, with 16 weeks in the first quarter, and 12 weeks in each of the second, third and fourth quarters.

  • System same-store sales of approximately flat to up 2.0 percent.
  • Commodity cost inflation of approximately 2.0 percent.
  • Restaurant-Level EBITDA of approximately 26.0 to 27.0 percent of company restaurant sales.
  • SG&A as a percentage of revenues of approximately 8.5 to 9.0 percent, which reflects the new revenue recognition standards, or 11.5 to 12.0 percent using the prior methodology.
  • G&A as a percentage of system-wide sales of approximately 1.8 to 2.0 percent, which reflects the new revenue recognition standards, or 2.0 to 2.2 percent using the prior methodology.
  • Approximately 25 to 35 new restaurants opening system-wide, the majority of which will be franchise locations.
  • Capital expenditures of approximately $30 to $35 million.
  • Tenant improvement allowances of approximately $25 million.
  • Tax rate of approximately 26.0 to 27.0 percent, subject to fluctuations arising from the impact of excess tax benefits from share-based compensation arrangements.
  • Adjusted EBITDA of approximately $260 to $270 million.
  • Following implementation of a new capital structure in the first half of fiscal 2019, the company expects to increase its leverage ratio to approximately 5.0 times EBITDA.

About Jack in the Box Inc.

Jack in the Box Inc. (NASDAQ: JACK), based in San Diego, is a restaurant company that operates and franchises Jack in the Box® restaurants, one of the nation’s largest hamburger chains, with more than 2,200 restaurants in 21 states and Guam.

 

 

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS

(In thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

   

   

12 Weeks Ended

52 Weeks Ended

September 30,

2018

  October 1,

2017

September 30,

2018

  October 1,

2017

Revenues:

Company restaurant sales

$ 76,909

$ 139,303

$ 448,058

$ 715,921

Franchise rental revenues

62,365

56,023

259,047

231,578

Franchise royalties and other

38,198  

36,799  

162,585  

149,792  

177,472  

232,125  

869,690  

1,097,291  
Operating costs and expenses, net:

Company restaurant costs(1):

Food and packaging

22,499

40,440

128,947

206,653

Payroll and employee benefits

22,178

40,413

129,089

211,611

Occupancy and other

12,195  

26,296  

71,803  

124,367  
Total company restaurant costs(1)

56,872

107,149

329,839

542,631

Franchise occupancy expenses(1)

38,332

34,342

158,319

140,623

Franchise support and other costs

3,699

2,588

11,593

8,811

Selling, general and administrative expenses(1)

24,913

25,896

106,649

120,640

Depreciation and amortization(1)

13,116

14,677

59,422

67,398

Impairment and other charges, net(1)

7,969

4,275

18,418

13,169

Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants

(3,076 )

(16,868 )

(46,164 )

(38,034 )

141,825  

172,059  

638,076  

855,238  
Earnings from operations

35,647

60,066

231,614

242,053

Interest expense, net

11,481  

9,320  

45,547  

38,148  
Earnings from continuing operations and before income taxes

24,166

50,746

186,067

203,905

Income taxes

5,830  

19,404  

81,728  

75,332  
Earnings from continuing operations

18,336

31,342

104,339

128,573

(Losses) earnings from discontinued operations, net of taxes

(2,067 )

(1,384 )

17,032  

6,759  
Net earnings

$ 16,269  

$ 29,958  

$ 121,371  

$ 135,332  

 
Net earnings per share - basic:

Earnings from continuing operations

$ 0.68

$ 1.06

$ 3.66

$ 4.20

(Losses) earnings from discontinued operations

(0.08 )

(0.05 )

0.60  

0.22  
Net earnings per share (2) - basic

$ 0.61  

$ 1.02  

$ 4.26  

$ 4.42  
Net earnings per share - diluted:

Earnings from continuing operations

$ 0.68

$ 1.05

$ 3.62

$ 4.16

(Losses) earnings from discontinued operations

(0.08 )

(0.05 )

0.59  

0.22  
Net earnings per share (2) - diluted

$ 0.60  

$ 1.01  

$ 4.21  

$ 4.38  
Weighted-average shares outstanding:

Basic

26,866

29,478

28,499

30,630

Diluted

27,148

29,753

28,807

30,914

 
Dividends declared per common share

$ 0.40

$ 0.40

$ 1.60

$ 1.60

___________________________

(1)   In 2018, the company began presenting depreciation and amortization as a separate line item in its consolidated statements of earnings to better align with similar presentation made by many of its peers and to provide additional disclosure that is meaningful for investors. The prior year consolidated statement of earnings was adjusted to conform with this new presentation.
(2)

Earnings per share may not add due to rounding.

 

 

 

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

(Unaudited)

   

   

September 30,

2018

October 1,

2017

ASSETS

Current assets:

Cash

$ 2,705

$ 4,467

Accounts and other receivables, net

57,422

59,609

Inventories

1,858

3,445

Prepaid expenses

14,443

27,532

Current assets held for sale

13,947

42,732

Other current assets

4,598  

1,493  
Total current assets

94,973  

139,278  
Property and equipment:

Land

105,155

112,509

Buildings

934,360

958,841

Restaurant and other equipment

129,701

173,980

Construction in progress

20,815  

16,787  
Property and equipment, at cost

1,190,031

1,262,117

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

(770,362 )

(777,841 )
Property and equipment, net

419,669  

484,276  
Other Assets:

Intangible assets, net

600

1,413

Goodwill

46,749

51,412

Non-current assets held for sale

280,796

Other assets, net

261,406  

277,570  
Total other assets

308,755  

611,191  

$ 823,397  

$ 1,234,745  
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

Current liabilities:

Current maturities of long-term debt

$ 31,828

$ 64,225

Accounts payable

44,970

28,366

Accrued liabilities

106,922

135,054

Current liabilities held for sale

 

34,345  
Total current liabilities

183,720  

261,990  
Long-term liabilities:

Long-term debt, net of current maturities

1,037,927

1,079,982

Non-current liabilities held for sale

32,078

Other long-term liabilities

193,449  

248,825  
Total long-term liabilities

1,231,376  

1,360,885  
Stockholders’ deficit:

Preferred stock $0.01 par value, 15,000,000 shares authorized, none issued

Common stock $0.01 par value, 175,000,000 shares authorized, 82,061,661 and 81,843,483 issued, respectively

821

818

Capital in excess of par value

470,826

453,432

Retained earnings

1,561,353

1,485,820

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(94,260 )

(137,761 )
Treasury stock, at cost, 56,325,632 and 52,411,407 shares, respectively

(2,530,439 )

(2,190,439 )
Total stockholders’ deficit

(591,699 )

(388,130 )

$ 823,397  

$ 1,234,745  

 

 

 

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

   

52 Weeks Ended

September 30, 2018   October 1, 2017
Cash flows from operating activities:

Net earnings

$ 121,371

$ 135,332

Earnings from discontinued operations

17,032  

6,759  

Earnings from continuing operations

104,339

128,573

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:

Depreciation and amortization

59,422

67,398

Franchise tenant improvement allowance amortization

862

121

Deferred finance cost amortization

2,803

3,487

Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation arrangements

(2,031 )

(4,232 )
Deferred income taxes

25,352

(16,074 )
Share-based compensation expense

9,146

10,637

Pension and postretirement expense

2,324

4,215

Gains on cash surrender value of company-owned life insurance

(2,280 )

(2,424 )
Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants

(46,164 )

(38,034 )
Losses on the disposition of property and equipment, net

1,627

2,891

Impairment charges and other

2,505

1,815

Changes in assets and liabilities, excluding acquisitions and dispositions:

Accounts and other receivables

24,220

(1,868 )
Inventories

1,587

1,839

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

(9,432

)

12,718

Accounts payable

4,890

(3,359 )
Accrued liabilities

(38,329 )

(16,654 )
Pension and postretirement contributions

(5,467 )

(5,363 )
Franchise tenant improvement allowance disbursements

(14,893 )

Other

(16,426 )

(11,997 )
Cash flows provided by operating activities

104,055  

133,689  
Cash flows from investing activities:

Purchases of property and equipment

(32,345 )

(33,284 )
Purchases of assets intended for sale and leaseback

(5,497 )

(5,686 )
Proceeds from the sale and leaseback of assets

9,336

6,057

Proceeds from the sale of company-operated restaurants

26,486

99,591

Collections on notes receivable

54,453

1,500

Proceeds from the sale of property and equipment

10,259

2,921

Other

2,969  

(3,729 )
Cash flows provided by investing activities

65,661  

67,370  
Cash flows from financing activities:

Borrowings on revolving credit facilities

757,100

747,900

Repayments of borrowings on revolving credit facilities

(523,700 )

(533,300 )
Principal repayments on debt

(304,607 )

(57,266 )
Debt issuance costs

(1,366 )

Dividends paid on common stock

(45,412 )

(48,925 )
Proceeds from issuance of common stock

7,959

5,165

Repurchases of common stock

(325,634 )

(334,361 )
Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation arrangements

4,232

Payroll tax payments for equity award issuances

(7,719 )

(9,240 )
Change in book overdraft

(2,150 )

2,151  
Cash flows used in financing activities

(445,529 )

(223,644 )
Cash flows used in continuing operations

(275,813 )

(22,585 )
Net cash provided by operating activities of discontinued operations

4,823

47,388

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities of discontinued operations

266,125

(34,031 )
Net cash used in financing activities of discontinued operations

(78 )

(138 )
Net cash provided by discontinued operations

270,870

13,219

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

6

(22 )
Cash at beginning of period, including discontinued operations cash

7,642  

17,030  
Cash at end of period, including discontinued operations cash

$ 2,705  

$ 7,642  

 

 

 

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION

The following table presents certain income and expense items included in our consolidated statements of earnings as a percentage of total revenues, unless otherwise indicated. Percentages may not add due to rounding.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS DATA

(Unaudited)

   

   

12 Weeks Ended

52 Weeks Ended

September 30,

2018

  October 1,

2017

September 30,

2018

  October 1,

2017

Revenues:

Company restaurant sales

43.3 %

60.0 %

51.5 %

65.2 %
Franchise rental revenues

35.1 %

24.1 %

29.8 %

21.1 %
Franchise royalties and other

21.5 %

15.9 %

18.7 %

13.7 %
Total revenues

100.0 %

100.0 %

100.0 %

100.0 %
Operating costs and expenses, net:

Company restaurant costs:

Food and packaging (1)

29.3 %

29.0 %

28.8 %

28.9 %
Payroll and employee benefits (1)

28.8 %

29.0 %

28.8 %

29.6 %
Occupancy and other (1)

15.9 %

18.9 %

16.0 %

17.4 %
Total company restaurant costs (1)

73.9 %

76.9 %

73.6 %

75.8 %
Franchise occupancy expenses (2)

61.5 %

61.3 %

61.1 %

60.7 %
Franchise support and other costs (3)

9.7 %

7.0 %

7.1 %

5.9 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses

14.0 %

11.2 %

12.3 %

11.0 %
Depreciation and amortization

7.4 %

6.3 %

6.8 %

6.1 %
Impairment and other charges, net

4.5 %

1.8 %

2.1 %

1.2 %
Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants

(1.7 )%

(7.3 )%

(5.3 )%

(3.5 )%
Earnings from operations

20.1 %

25.9 %

26.6 %

22.1 %
Income tax rate (4)

24.1 %

38.2 %

43.9 %

36.9 %

____________________________

(1)   As a percentage of company restaurant sales.
(2)

As a percentage of franchise rental revenues.
(3)

As a percentage of franchise royalties and other.
(4)

As a percentage of earnings from continuing operations and before income taxes.

 

 

Jack in the Box system sales (dollars in thousands):

   

   

12 Weeks Ended

52 Weeks Ended

September 30,

2018

 

October 1,

2017

September 30,

2018

 

October 1,

2017

Company-owned restaurant sales

$ 76,909

$ 139,303

$ 448,058

$ 715,921
Franchised restaurant sales (1)

717,036  

656,389  

3,018,067  

2,753,295
System sales (1)

$ 793,945  

$ 795,692  

$ 3,466,125  

$ 3,469,216

____________________________

(1)   Franchised restaurant sales represent sales at franchised restaurants and are revenues of our franchisees. System sales include company and franchised restaurant sales. We do not record franchised sales as revenues; however, our royalty revenues and percentage rent revenues are calculated based on a percentage of franchised sales. We believe franchised and system restaurant sales information is useful to investors as they have a direct effect on the company's profitability.

 

 

 

The following table summarizes the year-to-date changes in the number and mix of Jack in the Box company and franchise restaurants:

SUPPLEMENTAL RESTAURANT ACTIVITY INFORMATION

(Unaudited)

   

 

2018

2017

Company   Franchise   Total

Company   Franchise   Total

 
Beginning of year

276

1,975

2,251

417

1,838

2,255

New

1

11

12

2

18

20

Refranchised

(135 )

135

(178 )

178

Acquired from franchisees

50

(50 )

Closed

(5 )

(21 )

(26 )

(15 )

(9 )

(24 )
End of period

137  

2,100  

2,237  

276  

1,975  

2,251  
% of system

6 %

94 %

100 %

12 %

88 %

100 %

 

 

 

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP MEASUREMENTS TO GAAP RESULTS

(Unaudited)

Within this release, the company makes reference to Operating Earnings Per Share, Adjusted EBITDA, Restaurant Operating Margin, Restaurant-Level EBITDA, Franchise Margin and Franchise EBITDA, which are non-GAAP financial measures. Operating Earnings Per Share represents diluted earnings per share from continuing operations on a GAAP basis excluding gains or losses on the sale of company-operated restaurants, restructuring charges, the non-cash impact of the Tax Act, and the excess tax benefits from share-based compensation arrangements which are now recorded as a component of income tax expense versus equity previously. Adjusted EBITDA represents net earnings on a GAAP basis excluding gains or losses from discontinued operations, income taxes, interest expense, net, gains or losses on the sale of company-operated restaurants, impairment and other charges, depreciation and amortization, and the amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances. Restaurant-Level EBITDA and Franchise EBITDA represent earnings from operations on a GAAP basis adjusted to exclude depreciation and amortization allocated to company restaurant operations and franchise operations, the amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances, and other operating expenses, such as general and administrative expenses, which include the costs of functions such as accounting, finance and human resources, and other costs such as pension expense, share-based compensation, impairment and other charges, net, and gains or losses on the sale of company-operated restaurants. Restaurant Operating Margin and Franchise Margin are derived from Restaurant-Level EBITDA and Franchise EBITDA, respectively, plus depreciation and amortization and the amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances.

The company is presenting Operating Earnings Per Share, Adjusted EBITDA, Restaurant Operating Margin, Restaurant-Level EBITDA, Franchise Margin and Franchise EBITDA because it believes that they provide a meaningful supplement to net earnings of the company's core business operating results, as well as a comparison to those of other similar companies. Management believes that these measurements, when viewed with the company's results of operations in accordance with GAAP and the accompanying reconciliations in the tables below, provide useful information about operating performance and period-over-period changes, and provide additional information that is useful for evaluating the operating performance of the company's core business without regard to potential distortions. Additionally, management believes that Adjusted EBITDA, Restaurant-Level EBITDA and Franchise EBITDA permit investors to gain an understanding of the factors and trends affecting the company's ongoing cash earnings, from which capital investments are made and debt is serviced.

However, Operating Earnings Per Share, Adjusted EBITDA, Restaurant Operating Margin, Restaurant-Level EBITDA, Franchise Margin and Franchise EBITDA are not measures of financial performance or liquidity under GAAP and, accordingly, should not be considered as alternatives to net earnings, earnings from operations or cash flow from operating activities as indicators of operating performance or liquidity. The company encourages investors to rely upon its GAAP numbers but includes these non-GAAP financial measures as supplemental metrics to assist investors. These non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered as a substitute for, or superior to, financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP. In addition, these non-GAAP financial measures used by the company may be calculated differently from, and therefore may not be comparable to, similarly titled measures used by other companies.

Below is a reconciliation of non-GAAP Operating Earnings Per Share to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, diluted earnings per share from continuing operations. Figures may not add due to rounding.

   

12 Weeks Ended

 

52 Weeks Ended

September 30,

2018

 

October 1,

2017

September 30,

2018

 

October 1,

2017

Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations – GAAP

$ 0.68

$ 1.05

$ 3.62

$ 4.16

Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants

(0.09 )

(0.35 )

(1.16 )

(0.78 )
Restructuring charges

0.17

0.03

0.27

0.07

Non-cash impact of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act

0.02

1.13

Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation arrangements

(0.00 )

 

(0.07 )

 
Operating Earnings Per Share – non-GAAP

$ 0.77  

$ 0.73  

$ 3.79  

$ 3.46  

 

 

 

Below is a reconciliation of non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, net earnings (in thousands).

 

12 Weeks Ended

 

52 Weeks Ended

September 30,

2018

 

October 1,

2017

September 30,

2018

 

October 1,

2017

Net earnings - GAAP

$ 16,269

$ 29,958

$ 121,371

$ 135,332

Losses (earnings) from discontinued operations, net of taxes

2,067

1,384

(17,032 )

(6,759 )
Income taxes

5,830

19,404

81,728

75,332

Interest expense, net

11,481  

9,320  

45,547  

38,148  
Earnings from operations

35,647

60,066

231,614

242,053

Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants

(3,076 )

(16,868 )

(46,164 )

(38,034 )
Impairment and other charges, net

7,969

4,275

18,418

13,169

Depreciation and amortization

13,116

14,677

59,422

67,398

Amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances

365  

47  

862  

121  
Adjusted EBITDA – non-GAAP

$ 54,021  

$ 62,197  

$ 264,152  

$ 284,707  

 

 

 

Below is a reconciliation of non-GAAP Restaurant Operating Margin, Restaurant-Level EBITDA, Franchise Margin and Franchise EBITDA to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, earnings from operations (in thousands).

   

12 Weeks Ended

   

52 Weeks Ended

September 30,

2018

 

 

October 1,

2017

 

September 30,

2018

 

 

October 1,

2017

 

Earnings from operations (1) - GAAP

$ 35,647  

$ 60,066  

$ 231,614  

$ 242,053  

Other operating expenses, net:

Selling, general and administrative expenses

$ (24,913 )

$ (25,896 )

$ (106,649 )

$ (120,640 )

Impairment and other charges, net

(7,969 )

(4,275 )

(18,418 )

(13,169 )

Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants

3,076  

16,868  

46,164  

38,034  

Total other operating income (expenses), net

$ (29,806 )

$ (13,303 )

$ (78,903 )

$ (95,775 )

 
Franchise operations:

Franchise rental revenues

$ 62,365

$ 56,023

$ 259,047

$ 231,578

Franchise royalties and other

38,198  

36,799  

162,585  

149,792  

Total franchise revenues

100,563

92,822

421,632

381,370

Franchise occupancy expenses

(38,332 )

(34,342 )

(158,319 )

(140,623 )

Franchise support and other costs

(3,699 )

(2,588 )

(11,593 )

(8,811 )

Amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances

365  

 

47  

 

862  

 

121  

 
Franchise EBITDA - non-GAAP(2)

58,897

58.6 %

55,939

60.3 %

252,582

59.9 %

232,057

60.8 %
Depreciation and amortization(2)

(8,216 )

8.2 %

(7,524 )

8.1 %

(34,332 )

8.1 %

(30,860 )

8.1 %
Amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances(2)

(365 )

0.4 %

(47 )

0.1 %

(862 )

0.2 %

(121 )

%
Franchise Margin - non-GAAP(2)

$ 50,316  

50.0 %

$ 48,368  

52.1 %

$ 217,388  

51.6 %

$ 201,076  

52.7 %

 
Company restaurant operations:

Company restaurant sales

$ 76,909

$ 139,303

$ 448,058

$ 715,921

Food and packaging(3)

(22,499 )

29.3 %

(40,440 )

29.0 %

(128,947 )

28.8 %

(206,653 )

28.9 %
Payroll and employee benefits(3)

(22,178 )

28.8 %

(40,413 )

29.0 %

(129,089 )

28.8 %

(211,611 )

29.6 %
Occupancy and other(3)

(12,195 )

15.9 %

(26,296 )

18.9 %

(71,803 )

16.0 %

(124,367 )

17.4 %
Restaurant-Level EBITDA - non-GAAP(3)

20,037

26.1 %

32,154

23.1 %

118,219

26.4 %

173,290

24.2 %
Depreciation and amortization(3)

(2,753 )

3.6 %

(5,431 )

3.9 %

(16,458 )

3.7 %

(29,084 )

4.1 %
Restaurant Operating Margin - non-GAAP(3)

$ 17,284  

22.5 %

$ 26,723  

19.2 %

$ 101,761  

22.7 %

$ 144,206  

20.1 %

 
Depreciation and amortization:

Company restaurant occupancy and other

$ (2,753 )

$ (5,431 )

$ (16,458 )

$ (29,084 )

Franchise occupancy expenses

(8,216 )

(7,524 )

(34,332 )

(30,860 )

Impairment and other charges, net

(215 )

(9 )

(235 )

(51 )

Selling, general and administrative expenses

(1,932 )

(1,713 )

(8,397 )

(7,403 )

Total depreciation and amortization

$ (13,116 )

$ (14,677 )

$ (59,422 )

$ (67,398 )

____________________________

(1)   Earnings from operations is the sum of total other operating expenses, net, Franchise EBITDA, Restaurant-Level EBITDA, and depreciation and amortization, plus the amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances.
(2)

Percentages are calculated based on a percentage of total franchise revenues.
(3)

Percentages are calculated based on a percentage of company restaurant sales.



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