Jack In The Box Results

Jack in the Box Inc. Reports Third Quarter FY 2018 Earnings

Updates Guidance for FY 2018; Provides Long-Term Goals; Declares Quarterly Cash Dividend

Jack in the Box

Jack in the Box Inc. (NASDAQ: JACK) yesterday reported financial results for the third quarter ended July 8, 2018.

The company completed the sale of Qdoba Restaurant Corporation on March 21, 2018. Qdoba results are included in discontinued operations for all periods presented.

 

Earnings from continuing operations were $48.1 million, or $1.70 per diluted share, for the third quarter of fiscal 2018 compared with $31.3 million, or $1.05 per diluted share, for the third quarter of fiscal 2017.

 

Operating Earnings Per Share(1), a non-GAAP measure, were $1.00 in the third quarter of fiscal 2018 compared with $0.79 in the prior year quarter. A reconciliation of non-GAAP Operating Earnings Per Share to GAAP results is provided below, with additional information included in the attachment to this release. Figures may not add due to rounding.

 

   
12 Weeks Ended 40 Weeks Ended
July 8, 2018   July 9, 2017 July 8, 2018   July 9, 2017
Diluted earnings per share from

continuing operations – GAAP

$ 1.70 $ 1.05 $ 2.94 $ 3.11
Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants (0.74 ) (0.30 ) (1.05 ) (0.43 )
Restructuring charges 0.05 0.04 0.12 0.05
Non-cash impact of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act 0.03 1.10
Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation arrangements (0.04 )   (0.07 )  
Operating Earnings Per Share – non-GAAP $ 1.00   $ 0.79   $ 3.02   $ 2.73  

 

____________________________
(1)   Operating Earnings Per Share represents diluted earnings per share from continuing operations on a GAAP basis excluding gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants, restructuring charges, the non-cash impact of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, and the excess tax benefits from share-based compensation arrangements which are now recorded as a component of income tax expense versus equity previously. See "Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measurements to GAAP Results."
 

 

Adjusted EBITDA(2), a non-GAAP measure, was $64.4 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2018 compared with $62.4 million for the prior year quarter.

 

Lenny Comma, chairman and chief executive officer, said, “Our third quarter operating results were in line with our expectations, with system same-store sales returning to positive territory. We are pleased that this momentum has continued into the fourth quarter without resorting to deep discounting that we believe is not in the best interests of the long-term health of the brand.

 

"With the refranchising of 42 Jack in the Box® restaurants in the third quarter and 7 thus far in the fourth quarter, our franchise mix now stands at approximately 94 percent. We expect to sell one additional restaurant in the fourth quarter which will complete our refranchising initiative.

 

"We remain firmly committed to returning cash to shareholders with the purchase of $100 million of stock in the quarter and $200 million thus far this year. Following the completion of our longer-term financing plans, we plan to increase our leverage up to 5.0 times EBITDA and expect to return more than $1 billion over the next four years to our shareholders in the form of share repurchases and dividends.

 

"We look forward to sharing additional details about our long-term goals on our earnings call tomorrow morning. Our plans are focused on meeting evolving consumer needs, with emphasis on improving operations consistency and targeted investments designed to maximize our returns. To improve our brand relevance, by the end of fiscal 2021 we expect at least 80 percent of the system to have significant upgrades to the drive-thru experience or to be remodeled. Our key fiscal 2022 targets include system-wide sales of $4 billion, adjusted EBITDA of approximately $300 million, and free cash flow of approximately $175 million."

 

 

Increase/(decrease) in Jack in the Box same-store sales:

12 Weeks Ended 40 Weeks Ended

July 8, 2018

  July 9, 2017*

July 8, 2018

  July 9, 2017*
Company 0.6% (1.6)% 0.5% (0.9)%
Franchise 0.5% 0.1% 0.0% 1.5%
System 0.5% (0.2)% 0.0% 0.9%

 

____________________________
*Note: Due to the transition from a 53-week year in fiscal 2016 to a 52-week year in fiscal 2017, year-over-year fiscal period comparisons are offset by one week. The change in same-store sales presented in the 2017 column uses comparable calendar periods to balance the one-week shift from fiscal 2016 and to provide a clearer year-over-year comparison.
 

____________________________

(2)   Adjusted EBITDA represents net earnings on a GAAP basis excluding earnings from discontinued operations, income taxes, interest expense, net, gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants, impairment and other charges, net, depreciation and amortization, and the amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances. See "Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measurements to GAAP Results."
 

 

Jack in the Box system same-store sales increased 0.5 percent for the quarter and lagged the QSR sandwich segment by 2.1 percentage points for the comparable period, according to The NPD Group’s SalesTrack® Weekly for the 12-week time period ended July 8, 2018. Included in this segment are 16 of the top QSR sandwich and burger chains in the country. Company same-store sales increased 0.6 percent in the third quarter driven by average check growth of 2.6 percent, partially offset by a 2.0 percent decrease in transactions.

 

Restaurant-Level EBITDA(3), a non-GAAP measure, increased by 430 basis points to 27.5 percent of company restaurant sales in the third quarter of 2018 from 23.2 percent a year ago. The increase was due primarily to the benefit of refranchising, which was partially offset by wage inflation, and higher maintenance and repairs expenses. Food and packaging costs, as a percentage of company restaurant sales, decreased in the quarter due primarily to menu price increases and favorable product mix. Commodity costs were approximately flat in the quarter as compared with the prior year. Restaurant Operating Margin(3), a non-GAAP measure, increased to 23.9 percent of company restaurant sales in the third quarter of fiscal 2018 from 19.3 percent in the prior year quarter.

 

Franchise EBITDA(3), a non-GAAP measure,as a percentage of total franchise revenues decreased to 60.2 percent in the third quarter from 61.0 percent in the prior year quarter. The decrease was due primarily to incremental costs incurred in 2018 related to the implementation of a mystery guest program. Franchise Margin(3), a non-GAAP measure, decreased to 51.8 percent of total franchise revenues in the third quarter of fiscal 2018 compared with 52.7 percent in the third quarter of fiscal 2017.

 

SG&A expenses for the third quarter decreased by $8.0 million and were 10.7 percent of revenues compared with 11.4 percent in the prior year quarter. Advertising costs, which are included in SG&A, were $5.9 million in the third quarter compared with $8.2 million in the prior year quarter. The $2.3 million decrease in advertising costs was due to a $3.8 million decrease resulting from refranchising, which was partially offset by an incremental $1.5 million of spending in the quarter. The $5.7 million decrease in G&A excluding advertising was primarily driven by $3.6 million in transition services income resulting from the sale of Qdoba, which was reflected as a reduction to SG&A. The decrease was further attributable to $2.4 million of costs incurred in the prior year quarter while 31 franchised Jack in the Box restaurants taken back were closed, a $0.6 million decrease in share-based compensation, and a $0.4 million decrease in pension and postretirement benefits. These decreases were partially offset by mark-to-market adjustments on investments supporting the company's non-qualified retirement plans resulting in a $1.1 million year-over-year increase in SG&A. As a percentage of system-wide sales, G&A excluding advertising was 1.8 percent in the third quarter of 2018 compared with 2.5 percent in the 2017 quarter.

 

______________________
(3)   Restaurant Operating Margin, Restaurant-Level EBITDA, Franchise Margin, and Franchise EBITDA are non-GAAP measures. These non-GAAP measures are reconciled to earnings from operations, the most comparable GAAP measure, in the attachment to this release. See "Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measurements to GAAP Results."
 

 

In fiscal 2018, the company began presenting depreciation and amortization as a separate line item in its condensed consolidated statements of earnings to better align with similar presentation made by many of its peers and to provide additional disclosure that is meaningful for investors. The prior year condensed consolidated statement of earnings was adjusted to conform with this new presentation. Depreciation and amortization was previously presented within company restaurant costs, franchise occupancy expenses, selling, general and administrative expenses, and impairment and other charges, net, in the company's condensed consolidated statements of earnings.

 

Restructuring charges of $1.9 million, or approximately $0.05 per diluted share, were recorded during the third quarter of fiscal 2018 compared with $1.8 million, or $0.04 per diluted share, in the prior year quarter. Restructuring charges are included in "Impairment and other charges, net" in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of earnings. Including these charges, impairment and other charges, net, decreased in the third quarter to $3.3 million from $4.9 million in the year ago quarter.

 

Interest expense, net, increased by $1.5 million in the third quarter due primarily to a higher effective interest rate for 2018.

 

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the "Tax Act"), enacted into law on December 22, 2017, reduced the federal statutory rate from 35 percent to 21 percent as of January 1, 2018. As a company with a fiscal year-end of September 30, the tax rate reduction will be phased in, resulting in a blended statutory federal tax rate of 24.5 percent for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2018. In addition, the Tax Act resulted in a non-cash increase to the provision for income taxes of $0.9 million, or $0.03 per diluted share, for the third quarter of fiscal 2018, and $32.1 million, or $1.10 per diluted share, for the 40 weeks ended July 8, 2018, related primarily to the revaluation of deferred tax assets and liabilities at the new lower rates. This revaluation was based upon estimates and interpretations of the Tax Act which may be refined as further guidance is issued.

 

In the first quarter of fiscal 2018, the company adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-09, Compensation-Stock Compensation: Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting (“ASU 2016-09”). As required by the updated accounting standard, excess tax benefits or deficiencies are now recorded to the provision for income taxes in the condensed consolidated statement of earnings, on a prospective basis, instead of additional paid-in capital in the condensed consolidated balance sheet. The adoption resulted in a reduction to the provision for income taxes of $1.3 million, or $0.04 per diluted share, for the third quarter of fiscal 2018, and $2.1 million, or $0.07 per diluted share, for the 40 weeks ended July 8, 2018, but had no additional impact on cash paid for income taxes. Excess tax benefits will vary in future periods, as such amounts are dependent on the number of shares released related to employee stock compensation arrangements and fluctuations in the company’s stock price.

 

Qdoba Discontinued Operations

 

In the first quarter of fiscal 2018, the company entered into a definitive agreement to sell Qdoba, a wholly owned subsidiary of the company, to certain funds managed by affiliates of Apollo Global Management, LLC (together with its consolidated subsidiaries, "Apollo"). The transaction closed on March 21, 2018, and operating results for Qdoba are included in discontinued operations for all periods presented. However, the company did not allocate any general and administrative shared services expenses to discontinued operations prior to the sale.

 

Capital Allocation

 

The company repurchased approximately 1.2 million shares of its common stock in the third quarter of 2018 at an average price of $82.78 per share for an aggregate cost of $100.0 million. The company currently has approximately $181.0 million remaining under a stock-buyback program authorized by its Board of Directors that expires in November 2019.

 

The company also announced today that on August 3, 2018, its Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.40 per share on the company's common stock. The dividend is payable on September 5, 2018, to shareholders of record at the close of business on August 20, 2018.

 

Guidance

 

This release includes forward-looking guidance for certain non-GAAP financial measures, including Restaurant-Level EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and free cash flow, which the company defines as cash flow from operations (including tenant improvement allowances) less capital expenditures. The company believes free cash flow is an important liquidity measure for investors because it communicates how much cash flow is available for working capital needs or to be used for repurchasing shares, paying dividends, repaying or refinancing debt, or other uses of cash. The company is unable without unreasonable effort to provide reconciliations of these forward-looking non-GAAP measures.

 

Fourth Quarter and Fiscal Year 2018 Guidance

 

The following guidance and underlying assumptions reflect the company’s current expectations for the fourth quarter and fiscal year ending September 30, 2018. Fiscal 2018 and fiscal 2017 are 52-week years, with 16 weeks in the first quarter, and 12 weeks in each of the second, third and fourth quarters.

 

Fourth quarter fiscal year 2018 guidance

 

  • System same-store sales increase of approximately 1.0 to 2.0 percent versus a 1.0 percent decrease in the year-ago quarter.

Fiscal year 2018 guidance

 

  • System same-store sales of approximately flat to up 0.5 percent.
  • Commodity cost inflation of approximately 3.0 percent.
  • Restaurant-Level EBITDA of approximately 26.0 to 27.0 percent of company restaurant sales.
  • SG&A as a percentage of revenues of approximately 12.0 percent, which includes incremental advertising spending on behalf of the system.
  • G&A as a percentage of system-wide sales of approximately 2.2 percent.
  • Approximately 15 to 20 new restaurants opening system-wide, the majority of which will be franchise locations.
  • Capital expenditures of approximately $30 to $35 million.
  • Tenant improvement allowances of approximately $15 to $20 million.
  • Tax rate of approximately 28.0 to 29.0 percent, excluding the non-cash impact of the Tax Act and the tax impact of excess tax benefits from share-based compensation arrangements which are now recorded as a component of income tax expense versus equity previously.
  • Adjusted EBITDA of approximately $260 to $270 million.

Long-Term Guidance (fiscal 2019 through fiscal 2022)

 

The guidance below does not reflect the impact of new accounting standards, including the revenue recognition accounting standard that will be adopted in fiscal 2019 or the new lease accounting standard that will be adopted in fiscal 2020. The new revenue recognition standard will result in the inclusion of advertising fund revenues and expenses as well as certain other fees in the income statement, as well as the amortization of franchise fees over the terms of the franchise agreements.

 

  • System-wide sales of approximately $4 billion in fiscal 2022, driven by low single-digit increases in both annual same-store sales and system-wide unit growth.
  • Restaurant-Level EBITDA of approximately 25.0 to 27.0 percent of company restaurant sales, depending on same-store sales, and labor and commodity inflation.
  • G&A as a percentage of system-wide sales declining steadily to approximately 1.9 percent beginning in fiscal 2021.
  • Adjusted EBITDA growing to approximately $300 million in fiscal 2022.
  • Following implementation of a new capital structure in the first half of fiscal 2019, the company expects to increase its leverage ratio to approximately 5.0 times EBITDA.
  • Tax rate of approximately 26.0 percent, subject to fluctuations arising from the impact of excess tax benefits from share-based compensation arrangements.
  • Recurring capital expenditures of approximately $20 to 25 million per year, including technology and equipment investments. In addition, capital expenditures of approximately $10 to $15 million per year in fiscal 2019 through fiscal 2021 for drive-thru enhancements and remodels at company restaurants.
  • Tenant improvement allowances of approximately $25 to $35 million per year in fiscal 2019 through fiscal 2021.
  • The company expects at least 80 percent of the system to have significant upgrades to the drive-thru experience or to be remodeled by the end of fiscal 2021.
  • Free cash flow growing to approximately $175 million in 2022.
  • The company expects to return more than $1 billion to shareholders over the next four years, in the form of share repurchases and dividends.

 

About Jack in the Box Inc.

 

Jack in the Box Inc. (NASDAQ: JACK), based in San Diego, is a restaurant company that operates and franchises Jack in the Box® restaurants, one of the nation’s largest hamburger chains, with more than 2,200 restaurants in 21 states and Guam.

 

 

           

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS

(In thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

 
12 Weeks Ended 40 Weeks Ended
July 8,

2018

      July 9,

2017

July 8,

2018

      July 9,

2017

Revenues:
Company restaurant sales $ 87,574 $ 157,772 $ 371,149 $ 576,618
Franchise rental revenues 61,622 52,824 196,682 175,555
Franchise royalties and other 38,787   35,505   124,387   112,993  
187,983   246,101   692,218   865,166  
Operating costs and expenses, net:
Company restaurant costs(1):
Food and packaging 24,946 46,182 106,448 166,213
Payroll and employee benefits 24,875 46,486 106,911 171,198
Occupancy and other 13,715   28,426   59,608   98,071  
Total company restaurant costs(1) 63,536 121,094 272,967 435,482
Franchise occupancy expenses(1) 37,401 32,548 119,987 106,281
Franchise support and other costs 2,829 1,952 7,894 6,223
Selling, general and administrative expenses(1) 20,094 28,110 81,736 94,744
Depreciation and amortization(1) 13,194 15,336 46,306 52,721
Impairment and other charges, net(1) 3,265 4,873 10,449 8,894
Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants (28,676 ) (13,250 ) (43,088 ) (21,166 )
111,643   190,663   496,251   683,179  
Earnings from operations 76,340 55,438 195,967 181,987
Interest expense, net 10,873   9,382   34,066   28,828  
Earnings from continuing operations and before income taxes 65,467 46,056 161,901 153,159
Income taxes 17,334   14,764   75,898   55,928  
Earnings from continuing operations 48,133 31,292 86,003 97,231
(Losses) earnings from discontinued operations, net of taxes (2,826 ) 5,059   19,099   8,143  
Net earnings $ 45,307   $ 36,351   $ 105,102   $ 105,374  
 
Net earnings per share - basic:
Earnings from continuing operations $ 1.72 $ 1.06 $ 2.97 $ 3.14
(Losses) earnings from discontinued operations (0.10 ) 0.17   0.66   0.26  

Net earnings per share(2) - basic

$ 1.62   $ 1.23   $ 3.63   $ 3.40  
Net earnings per share - diluted:
Earnings from continuing operations $ 1.70 $ 1.05 $ 2.94 $ 3.11
(Losses) earnings from discontinued operations (0.10 ) 0.17   0.65   0.26  

Net earnings per share(2) - diluted

$ 1.60   $ 1.22   $ 3.59   $ 3.37  
Weighted-average shares outstanding:
Basic 28,042 29,474 28,989 30,976
Diluted 28,296 29,718 29,284 31,234
 
Dividends declared per common share $ 0.40 $ 0.40 $ 1.20 $ 1.20
 

 

(1)     In 2018, the company began presenting depreciation and amortization as a separate line item in its condensed consolidated statements of earnings to better align with similar presentation made by many of its peers and to provide additional disclosure that is meaningful for investors. The prior year condensed consolidated statement of earnings was adjusted to conform with this new presentation.
(2) Earnings per share may not add due to rounding.
 
 

 

                       

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

(Unaudited)

 
July 8,

2018

October 1,

2017

ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash $ 138 $ 4,467
Accounts and other receivables, net 90,677 59,609
Inventories 2,115 3,445
Prepaid expenses 36,464 27,532
Current assets held for sale 15,276 42,732
Other current assets 4,688   1,493  
Total current assets 149,358   139,278  
Property and equipment:
Property and equipment, at cost 1,207,038 1,262,117
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization (774,741 ) (777,841 )
Property and equipment, net 432,297   484,276  
Other Assets:
Intangible assets, net 679 1,413
Goodwill 46,848 51,412
Non-current assets held for sale 280,796
Other assets, net 250,267   277,570  
Total other assets 297,794   611,191  
$ 879,449   $ 1,234,745  
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT
Current liabilities:
Current maturities of long-term debt $ 42,594 $ 64,225
Accounts payable 36,198 28,366
Accrued liabilities 101,453 135,054
Current liabilities held for sale   34,345  
Total current liabilities 180,245   261,990  
Long-term liabilities:
Long-term debt, net of current maturities 953,364 1,079,982
Non-current liabilities held for sale 32,078
Other long-term liabilities 236,310   248,825  
Total long-term liabilities 1,189,674   1,360,885  
Stockholders’ deficit:
Preferred stock $0.01 par value, 15,000,000 shares authorized, none issued
Common stock $0.01 par value, 175,000,000 shares authorized, 81,986,272 and 81,843,483 issued, respectively 820 818
Capital in excess of par value 463,872 453,432
Retained earnings 1,555,945 1,485,820
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (120,668 ) (137,761 )
Treasury stock, at cost, 54,730,769 and 52,411,407 shares, respectively (2,390,439 ) (2,190,439 )
Total stockholders’ deficit (490,470 ) (388,130 )
$ 879,449   $ 1,234,745  
 
 

 

             

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 
40 Weeks Ended
July 8, 2018           July 9, 2017
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net earnings $ 105,102 $ 105,374
Earnings from discontinued operations 19,099   8,143  
Income from continuing operations 86,003 97,231
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization 46,306 52,721
Amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances 497 74
Deferred finance cost amortization 2,268 2,707
Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation arrangements (2,084 ) (4,133 )
Deferred income taxes 38,544 5,222
Share-based compensation expense 7,830 8,184
Pension and postretirement expense 1,789 3,242
Gains on cash surrender value of company-owned life insurance (1,335 ) (364 )
Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants (43,088 ) (21,166 )
Losses on the disposition of property and equipment, net 958 1,761
Impairment charges and other 2,205 1,515
Changes in assets and liabilities, excluding dispositions:
Accounts and other receivables 945 12,929
Inventories 1,330 1,109
Prepaid expenses and other current assets (27,448 ) (15,019 )
Accounts payable 3,135 (1,571 )
Accrued liabilities (34,653 ) (24,805 )
Pension and postretirement contributions (4,384 ) (4,110 )
Franchise tenant improvement allowance distributions (9,099 )
Other (10,351 ) (8,812 )
Cash flows provided by operating activities 59,368   106,715  
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchases of property and equipment (25,730 ) (24,681 )
Purchases of assets intended for sale and leaseback (5,491 ) (3,192 )
Proceeds from the sale and leaseback of assets 7,571 2,466
Proceeds from the sale of company-operated restaurants 23,666 62,923
Collections on notes receivable 34,057 1,282
Proceeds from the sale of property and equipment 3,799 2,892
Other 2,921   (1,712 )
Cash flows provided by investing activities 40,793   39,978  
Cash flows from financing activities:
Borrowings on revolving credit facilities 560,800 638,500
Repayments of borrowings on revolving credit facilities (412,100 ) (400,000 )
Principal repayments on debt (293,671 ) (43,064 )
Debt issuance costs (1,367 )
Dividends paid on common stock (34,609 ) (37,194 )
Proceeds from issuance of common stock 2,365 5,166
Repurchases of common stock (200,000 ) (334,361 )
Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation arrangements 4,133
Change in book overdraft (573 )
Payroll tax payments for equity award issuances (7,250 ) (8,934 )
Cash flows used in financing activities (386,405 ) (175,754 )
Cash flows used in continuing operations (286,244 ) (29,061 )
Net cash provided by operating activities of discontinued operations 5,159 42,127
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities of discontinued operations 273,653 (22,435 )
Net cash used in financing activities of discontinued operations (78 ) (99 )
Net cash provided by discontinued operations 278,734   19,593  
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash 6   (2 )
Cash at beginning of period, including discontinued operations cash 7,642   17,030  
Cash at end of period, including discontinued operations cash $ 138   $ 7,560  
 
 

 

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION

 

The following table presents certain income and expense items included in our condensed consolidated statements of earnings as a percentage of total revenues, unless otherwise indicated. Percentages may not add due to rounding.

 

           

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS DATA

(Unaudited)

 
12 Weeks Ended 40 Weeks Ended
July 8,

2018

      July 9,

2017

July 8,

2018

      July 9,

2017

Revenues:
Company restaurant sales 46.6 % 64.1 % 53.6 % 66.6 %
Franchise rental revenues 32.8 % 21.5 % 28.4 % 20.3 %
Franchise royalties and other 20.6 % 14.4 % 18.0 % 13.1 %
Total revenues 100.0 % 100.0 % 100.0 % 100.0 %
Operating costs and expenses, net:
Company restaurant costs:

Food and packaging(1)

28.5 % 29.3 % 28.7 % 28.8 %

Payroll and employee benefits(1)

28.4 % 29.5 % 28.8 % 29.7 %

Occupancy and other(1)

15.7 % 18.0 % 16.1 % 17.0 %

Total company restaurant costs(1)

72.5 % 76.8 % 73.5 % 75.5 %

Franchise occupancy expenses(2)

60.7 % 61.6 % 61.0 % 60.5 %

Franchise support and other costs(3)

7.3 % 5.5 % 6.3 % 5.5 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses 10.7 % 11.4 % 11.8 % 11.0 %
Depreciation and amortization 7.0 % 6.2 % 6.7 % 6.1 %
Impairment and other charges, net 1.7 % 2.0 % 1.5 % 1.0 %
Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants (15.3 )% (5.4 )% (6.2 )% (2.4 )%
Earnings from operations 40.6 % 22.5 % 28.3 % 21.0 %

Income tax rate(4)

26.5 % 32.1 % 46.9 % 36.5 %
 

 

(1)     As a percentage of company restaurant sales.
(2) As a percentage of franchise rental revenues.
(3) As a percentage of franchise royalties and other.
(4) As a percentage of earnings from continuing operations and before income taxes.
 
 

 

Jack in the Box system sales (dollars in thousands):

 

      12 Weeks Ended       40 Weeks Ended
July 8, 2018       July 9, 2017 July 8, 2018       July 9, 2017
Company-owned restaurant sales $ 87,574 $ 157,772 $ 371,149 $ 576,618

Franchised restaurant sales(1)

716,453   641,830   2,301,031   2,096,906

System sales(1)

$ 804,027   $ 799,602   $ 2,672,180   $ 2,673,524
 

 

(1)     Franchised restaurant sales represent sales at franchised restaurants and are revenues of our franchisees. System sales include company and franchised restaurant sales. We do not record franchised sales as revenues; however, our royalty revenues and percentage rent revenues are calculated based on a percentage of franchised sales. We believe franchised and system restaurant sales information is useful to investors as they have a direct effect on the company's profitability.
 
 

 

The following table summarizes the year-to-date changes in the number and mix of Jack in the Box company and franchise restaurants:

 

           

SUPPLEMENTAL RESTAURANT ACTIVITY INFORMATION

(Unaudited)

 
2018 2017
Company       Franchise       Total Company       Franchise       Total
 
Beginning of year 276 1,975 2,251 417 1,838 2,255
New 1 8 9 2 15 17
Refranchised (127 ) 127 (118 ) 118
Acquired from franchisees 50 (50 )
Closed (4 ) (15 ) (19 ) (11 ) (6 ) (17 )
End of period 146   2,095   2,241   340   1,915   2,255  
% of system 7 % 93 % 100 % 15 % 85 % 100 %
 
 

 

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

RECONCILIATION OF NON-GAAP MEASUREMENTS TO GAAP RESULTS

(Unaudited)

 

Within this release, the company makes reference to Operating Earnings Per Share, Adjusted EBITDA, Restaurant Operating Margin, Restaurant-Level EBITDA, Franchise Margin and Franchise EBITDA, which are non-GAAP financial measures. Operating Earnings Per Share represents diluted earnings per share from continuing operations on a GAAP basis excluding gains or losses on the sale of company-operated restaurants, restructuring charges, the non-cash impact of the Tax Act, and the excess tax benefits from share-based compensation arrangements which are now recorded as a component of income tax expense versus equity previously. Adjusted EBITDA represents net earnings on a GAAP basis excluding gains or losses from discontinued operations, income taxes, interest expense, net, gains or losses on the sale of company-operated restaurants, impairment and other charges, depreciation and amortization, and the amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances. Restaurant-Level EBITDA and Franchise EBITDA represent earnings from operations on a GAAP basis adjusted to exclude depreciation and amortization allocated to company restaurant operations and franchise operations, the amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances, and other operating expenses, such as general and administrative expenses, which include the costs of functions such as accounting, finance and human resources, and other costs such as pension expense, share-based compensation, impairment and other charges, net, and gains or losses on the sale of company-operated restaurants. Restaurant Operating Margin and Franchise Margin are derived from Restaurant-Level EBITDA and Franchise EBITDA, respectively, plus depreciation and amortization and the amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances.

 

The company is presenting Operating Earnings Per Share, Adjusted EBITDA, Restaurant Operating Margin, Restaurant-Level EBITDA, Franchise Margin and Franchise EBITDA because it believes that they provide a meaningful supplement to net earnings of the company's core business operating results, as well as a comparison to those of other similar companies. Management believes that these measurements, when viewed with the company's results of operations in accordance with GAAP and the accompanying reconciliations in the tables below, provide useful information about operating performance and period-over-period changes, and provide additional information that is useful for evaluating the operating performance of the company's core business without regard to potential distortions. Additionally, management believes that Adjusted EBITDA, Restaurant-Level EBITDA and Franchise EBITDA permit investors to gain an understanding of the factors and trends affecting the company's ongoing cash earnings, from which capital investments are made and debt is serviced.

 

However, Operating Earnings Per Share, Adjusted EBITDA, Restaurant Operating Margin, Restaurant-Level EBITDA, Franchise Margin and Franchise EBITDA are not measures of financial performance or liquidity under GAAP and, accordingly, should not be considered as alternatives to net earnings, earnings from operations or cash flow from operating activities as indicators of operating performance or liquidity. The company encourages investors to rely upon its GAAP numbers but includes these non-GAAP financial measures as supplemental metrics to assist investors. These non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered as a substitute for, or superior to, financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP. In addition, these non-GAAP financial measures used by the company may be calculated differently from, and therefore may not be comparable to, similarly titled measures used by other companies.

 

Below is a reconciliation of non-GAAP Operating Earnings Per Share to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, diluted earnings per share from continuing operations. Figures may not add due to rounding.

 

      12 Weeks Ended       40 Weeks Ended

July 8,

2018

     

July 9,

2017

July 8,

2018

     

July 9,

2017

Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations – GAAP

$ 1.70 $ 1.05 $ 2.94 $ 3.11
Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants (0.74 ) (0.30 ) (1.05 ) (0.43 )
Restructuring charges 0.05 0.04 0.12 0.05
Non-cash impact of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act 0.03 1.10
Excess tax benefits from share-based compensation arrangements (0.04 )   (0.07 )  
Operating Earnings Per Share – non-GAAP $ 1.00   $ 0.79   $ 3.02   $ 2.73  
 

 

Below is a reconciliation of non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, net earnings (in thousands).

 

      12 Weeks Ended       40 Weeks Ended

July 8,

2018

     

July 9,

2017

July 8,

2018

     

July 9,

2017

Net earnings - GAAP $ 45,307 $ 36,351 $ 105,102 $ 105,374
Losses (earnings) from discontinued operations, net of taxes 2,826 (5,059 ) (19,099 ) (8,143 )
Income taxes 17,334 14,764 75,898 55,928
Interest expense, net 10,873   9,382   34,066   28,828  
Earnings from operations 76,340 55,438 195,967 181,987
Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants (28,676 ) (13,250 ) (43,088 ) (21,166 )
Impairment and other charges, net 3,265 4,873 10,449 8,894
Depreciation and amortization 13,194 15,336 46,306 52,721
Amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances 232   26   497   74  
Adjusted EBITDA – non-GAAP $ 64,355   $ 62,423   $ 210,131   $ 222,510  
 

 

Below is a reconciliation of non-GAAP Restaurant Operating Margin, Restaurant-Level EBITDA, Franchise Margin and Franchise EBITDA to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, earnings from operations (in thousands).

 

      12 Weeks Ended       40 Weeks Ended

July 8,

2018

           

July 9,

2017

     

July 8,

2018

           

July 9,

2017

     

Earnings from operations(1) - GAAP

$ 76,340   $ 55,438   $ 195,967   $ 181,987  
Other operating expenses, net:
Selling, general and administrative expenses $ (20,094 ) $ (28,110 ) $ (81,736 ) $ (94,744 )
Impairment and other charges, net (3,265 ) (4,873 ) (10,449 ) (8,894 )
Gains on the sale of company-operated restaurants 28,676   13,250   43,088   21,166  
Total other operating income (expenses), net $ 5,317   $ (19,733 ) $ (49,097 ) $ (82,472 )
 
Franchise operations:
Franchise rental revenues $ 61,622 $ 52,824 $ 196,682 $ 175,555
Franchise royalties and other 38,787   35,505   124,387   112,993  
Total franchise revenues 100,409 88,329 321,069 288,548
Franchise occupancy expenses (37,401 ) (32,548 ) (119,987 ) (106,281 )
Franchise support and other costs (2,829 ) (1,952 ) (7,894 ) (6,223 )
Amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances 232     26     497     74    
Franchise EBITDA - non-GAAP(2) 60,411 60.2 % 53,855 61.0 % 193,685 60.3 % 176,118 61.0 %
Depreciation and amortization(2) (8,207 ) 8.2 % (7,264 ) 8.2 % (26,116 ) 8.1 % (23,336 ) 8.1 %
Amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances(2) (232 ) 0.2 % (26 ) % (497 ) 0.2 % (74 ) %
Franchise Margin - non-GAAP(2) $ 51,972   51.8 % $ 46,565   52.7 % $ 167,072   52.0 % $ 152,708   52.9 %
 
Company restaurant operations:
Company restaurant sales $ 87,574 $ 157,772 $ 371,149 $ 576,618
Food and packaging(3) (24,946 ) 28.5 % (46,182 ) 29.3 % (106,448 ) 28.7 % (166,213 ) 28.8 %
Payroll and employee benefits(3) (24,875 ) 28.4 % (46,486 ) 29.5 % (106,911 ) 28.8 % (171,198 ) 29.7 %
Occupancy and other(3) (13,715 ) 15.7 % (28,426 ) 18.0 % (59,608 ) 16.1 % (98,071 ) 17.0 %
Restaurant-Level EBITDA - non-GAAP(3) 24,038 27.5 % 36,678 23.2 % 98,182 26.5 % 141,136 24.5 %
Depreciation and amortization(3) (3,074 ) 3.5 % (6,219 ) 3.9 % (13,705 ) 3.7 % (23,653 ) 4.1 %
Restaurant Operating Margin - non-GAAP(3) $ 20,964   23.9 % $ 30,459   19.3 % $ 84,477   22.8 % $ 117,483   20.4 %
 
Depreciation and amortization:
Company restaurant occupancy and other $ (3,074 ) $ (6,219 ) $ (13,705 ) $ (23,653 )
Franchise occupancy expenses (8,207 ) (7,264 ) (26,116 ) (23,336 )
Impairment and other charges, net (6 ) (28 ) (20 ) (42 )
Selling, general and administrative expenses (1,907 ) (1,825 ) (6,465 ) (5,690 )
Total depreciation and amortization $ (13,194 ) $ (15,336 ) $ (46,306 ) $ (52,721 )
 

 

(1)     Earnings from operations is the sum of total other operating expenses, net, Franchise EBITDA, Restaurant-Level EBITDA, and depreciation and amortization, plus the amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances.
(2) Percentages are calculated based on a percentage of total franchise revenues.
(3) Percentages are calculated based on a percentage of company restaurant sales.
 



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